Early intervention services are a precursor to treatment. They are designed for individuals who are at risk of developing a substance use disorder but do not display any diagnostic criteria to be admitted to rehab. During early intervention, treatment focuses on the risk factors that predispose the person to drug addiction and educates the individual about the negative repercussions of drug misuse.
Outpatient treatment requires patients to attend regularly scheduled meetings. This level of treatment allows patients to carry on with their routine while receiving face-to-face services with addiction or mental health professionals. It addresses the severity of the individual’s addiction, helps implement behavioral changes and ameliorates mental functioning. Patients may transition to the first level of treatment from a more robust program.
Intensive outpatient treatment can accommodate medical and psychiatric consultation, psychopharmacological consultation, medication management and 24-hour crisis services. IOP uses individual and group therapy sessions with an emphasis on education, trigger management and relapse prevention for mental health and substance abuse disorders. Intensive Outpatient is affiliated with other levels of treatment in the continuum of care and provides support services such as vocational training and transportation. Often offered in the day or evenings, IOP is a great option for anyone who attends school or works full time during the day.
Partial hospitalization services
Partial hospitalization programs (PHP) are an intensive form of addiction treatment with similar programs to inpatient care. However, at the end of the sessions you are able to return home. Many people live in sober living while attending a PHP in order to remain in a clean and sober environment throughout their day.
The main reason people choose partial hospitalization programs is that they don’t have to spend weeks isolated from their families, but can instead have that organic support during treatment. PHP is designed for those who want intensive treatment, but more freedom and most importantly, the ability to return to their families in the evening. Typically, patients spend several hours on weekdays at the facility participating in a structured schedule that’s personalized to the needs and situations of individual patients.
Residential substance abuse treatment is typically appropriate for patients who have functional deficits or require a stable living space to help with their recovery. Treatment and assistance are provided around the clock, and the facility is staffed 24 hours a day, seven days a week. The patients may live on site or in a living facility in close proximity to the drug and alcohol treatment center so nearby services are readily available.
When you use large amounts of drugs and alcohol for an extended period of time, dependence develops. Not only is there a psychological dependence in wanting to drink or use more but there is also physical dependence. The body of an addict or alcoholic becomes reliant upon these substances to survive.
When a substance-dependent person gets clean and sober, they usually experience physical withdrawal symptoms. Medical detox is the process of helping an alcoholic or addict separate from substances in a safe and medically supervised environment. Detox usually takes place on an inpatient basis and withdrawal is often managed with medication.